Immuno suppression is the name given to the fall of the defenses of our immune system, which is responsible for protecting us from infections caused by germs such as viruses, bacteria and fungi. HIV acts infecting and destroying lymphocytes, cells that are part of our immune system – being one of the main HIV Symptoms. This destruction process is very slow and gradual, allowing patients remain asymptomatic for many years. This means that people can be infected with HIV for a long time without necessarily develop AIDS disease.
A patient is only considered as AIDS carrier when the HIV virus has attacked and destroyed such a large amount of lymphocytes that the immune system already is weakened sometimes the person does not have any HIV Symptoms. With few viable lymphocytes, the body becomes more vulnerable to infection, being susceptible to various types of viruses, bacteria, fungi and even tumors.
The true facts about HIV
In fact, the HIV virus itself causes few symptoms. The severity of the disease is the so-called opportunistic infections, which are those that take advantage of the weakness of the immune system to develop. However, HIV may in some cases also cause symptoms. Soon after infection with the virus we can have a table called acute HIV infection, which has nothing to do with AIDS. It is a similar picture to any common virus, which occurs for a body’s reaction to the presence of a new virus.
ACUTE INFECTION BY HIV
We called acute HIV infection, the viral infection frame that comes days after the patient has been infected by the virus. A lot of signs and symptoms may be associated with acute HIV infection. Many of these symptoms are nonspecific and also occur in other infections, particularly respiratory infections by other viruses such as colds, flu, mononucleosis, etc.
Most patients with HIV contaminates that develops symptoms of acute infection. The problem is that the picture is so non-specific, and in some cases so light that most patients do not remember to have had it.
Some signs and symptoms of HIV
- The most common symptom of acute HIV infection is fever (38 ° C to 40 ° C), occurring in over 80% of cases.
- Pharyngitis without increasing the tonsils and without the presence of pus (read: SORE THROAT – PHARYNGITIS and tonsillitis).
- Red spots on the skin (rash) occurring 48 to 72 hours after the onset of fever and may last between 5 and 8 days. This rash usually appears as rounded lesions smaller than 1 cm, reddish, with a slight relief and distributed throughout the body, especially the chest, neck and face. They can also affect the soles of the feet and palms.
- Enlarged lymph nodes (buboes) mainly in the armpits and neck.
- joint, muscle pain and headache (read: HEADACHE – MIGRAINE, tension headache and GRAVITY SIGNALS)
- In 10% of cases there may also be enlargement of the liver and / or spleen, oral ulcers, anal or genital, diarrhea and vomiting (which may lead to weight loss of up to five kilograms).
- The ulcers may be related to virus entry point mucous membranes, similar to what occurs in syphilis (read: syphilis symptoms). Oral ulcers indicate contamination by active oral sex and anal ulcers for passive anal sex. Similarly, there may be vaginal and penile ulcers as common symptoms of HIV.