HIV has affected a lot of people in the world. It is one of the incurable diseases that can only be prevented with correct knowledge. There are very common HIV symptoms that can be detected easily.
What is HIV?
HIV stands for Human Immunodeficiency Virus. It causes a disease called AIDS. AIDS is the diseases which cause weakened immunity of a person that leads to multiple infections to the patient and ultimately death. These patients also encounter many cancers. The average lifespan of a patient with HIV has a mean life span of 9 to 11 years.
How is HIV transferred?
HIV is transferred by semen, blood, vaginal discharge or breast milk. HIV is present as both free and in cells. HIV infection usually lowers the number of CD4+ cells. These cells are lowered by certain mechanisms such as apoptosis of infected cells, apoptosis of uninfected cells and direct killing of cells. When these cells are lost, it leads to decreased immunity.
Why early detection of HIV is necessary?
It is necessary to identify HIV symptoms so that the disease can be detected earlier and the life span of an individual to a greater extent. There are many tests that can identify HIV. It is also necessary to identify this disease as it has high chances of spreading through blood and blood-related routes.
What are the HIV symptoms?
There are many HIV symptoms which are very common. These symptoms can be detected with proper guidelines and education.
Some of early HIV symptoms are as follow:
- Muscle pain
- Joint pain
- Sore throat
- Enlarged glands
- Red rash
- Weight loss
Some of the late HIV symptoms:
- Blurred vision
- Dry cough
- Permanent tiredness
- Swollen glands
- Shortness of breath
- White spots on tongue
- Cancer (Kaposi Sarcoma)
What is HIV test?
HIV test is the paradigm for diagnosis of HIV in all the patients. HIV test includes blood test that can easily identify the virus. It is the diagnostic test that is specific for the diagnosis of HIV. Ultra-sensitive HIV sensor is another HIV test that has recently been developed for the diagnosis of HIV.
What is HIV PEP?
HIV PEP stands for Post Exposure Prophylaxis. This account for the practice of taking antiretroviral drugs after exposure to HIV has been made. HIV PEP is one of the techniques to prevent getting infected with HIV. HIV PEP is usually recommended within 72 hours after exposure. It is done only in an emergency situation when a person is exposed to HIV.
HIV is one of the life-threatening diseases. There are many HIV symptoms that need to be identified. It is necessary to identify these sign and symptom for early control of these symptoms. HIV PEP is one of the post exposure prophylaxes which are necessary for prevention of disease.